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The Peter Attia Drive

The Peter Attia Drive

351 EPISODE · 1 SUBSCRIBERS

Expert insight on health, performance, longevity, critical thinking, and pursuing excellence. Dr. Peter Attia (Stanford/Hopkins/NIH-trained MD) talks with leaders in their fields.

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#306 - AMA #60: preventing cognitive decline, nutrition myths, lowering blood glucose, apoB, and blood pressure, and more

#306 - AMA #60: preventing cognitive decline, nutrition myths, lowering blood glucose, apoB, and blood pressure, and more

The Peter Attia Drive

View the Show Notes Page for This Episode Become a Member to Receive Exclusive Content Sign Up to Receive Peter’s Weekly Newsletter In this “Ask Me Anything” (AMA) episode, Peter provides insights on a broad range of important topics. He delves into the prevention of cognitive decline, the link between cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer's disease, and methods to lower blood glucose, insulin, and apoB. He also addresses nutrition-related queries, exploring the impact of dietary habits on weight loss and longevity, how a person can identify the best diet for themselves, and common nutrition myths. Additional discussions include optimal blood pressure, daily step goals, the benefits of standing versus sitting desks, and much more. If you’re not a subscriber and are listening on a podcast player, you’ll only be able to hear a preview of the AMA. If you’re a subscriber, you can now listen to this full episode on your private RSS feed or our website at the AMA #60 show notes page. If you are not a subscriber, you can learn more about the subscriber benefits here. We discuss: Overview of topics and episode format [1:40]; Preventing cognitive decline [5:00]; How to lower blood glucose and insulin [13:30]; The relationship between lipids, CVD, and Alzheimer’s disease, and whether statins can increase the risk of neurodegenerative disorders and AD [23:15]; Reducing apoB levels through exercise and diet [31:45]; Pharmacological options for lowering apoB [38:00]; How nutrition impacts longevity via metabolic health, muscle mass, BMD and more [40:15]; How can someone determine the best diet for themselves? [43:45]; Nutrition myth: All weight loss is good [46:45]; Nutrition myth: Metabolic rates are dramatically different among individuals based on genetics [49:00]; Nutrition myth: Losing weight after a brief period of overeating is impossible [53:45]; Nutrition myth: GLP-1 agonists are a replacement for a healthy lifestyle [57:45]; Nutrition myth: There is a single best diet for weight loss [1:03:00]; Nutrition oversimplification: All calories are created equal [1:05:45]; Daily step goals [1:06:45]; The benefits of standing versus sitting throughout the day [1:10:45]; How to identify the most impactful and easiest-to-implement ways to improve your health [1:12:30]; The critical importance of emotional health [1:14:30]; Why supplements should be considered as supportive aids rather than primary solutions in one’s strategy to improve longevity [1:18:00]; Strategies for reducing high blood pressure [1:20:45]; Peter’s biggest frustrations with "mainstream health advice" [1:28:00]; Peter’s chaotic, yet cherished, morning routine [1:31:00]; and More. Connect With Peter on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and YouTube

18 Menit
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#305 ‒ Heart rate variability: how to measure, interpret, and utilize HRV for training and health optimization | Joel Jamieson

#305 ‒ Heart rate variability: how to measure, interpret, and utilize HRV for training and health optimization | Joel Jamieson

The Peter Attia Drive

View the Show Notes Page for This Episode Become a Member to Receive Exclusive Content Sign Up to Receive Peter’s Weekly Newsletter Joel Jamieson is a conditioning expert who developed Morpheus to give people a smarter way to build their conditioning regimen and improve their recovery. In this episode, Joel dives deep into the world of heart rate variability (HRV), explaining its scientific foundation, how it measures the balance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, the various methods of measurement, and how it can guide healthier lifestyle choices and improved training performance. He explores the nuances of HRV calculation, the impact of aging on HRV, and the roles of genetics, exercise, and other lifestyle factors in this process. He also covers Morpheus, the innovative training tool that won Peter over after his initial skepticism, highlighting its practicality and effectiveness in guiding training and optimizing fitness outcomes. We discuss: Heart rate variability (HRV): evolution, science, and practical applications of HRV in athletic training [4:00]; Methods of measuring HRV: EKG, wrist-based sensors, and more [11:30]; How HRV is calculated from the data [22:30]; The role of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in regulating HRV [25:45]; The decline in HRV with age, and the mitigating effects of fitness and other lifestyle factors [33:30]; The role of genetics in HRV, the modifiability of HRV, and a comparison of VO2 max and HRV as predictors of mortality [37:00]; How aging affects HRV and sympathetic drive, and the importance of spontaneous movement and exercise in maintaining the body's adaptability [43:30]; How Morpheus measures HRV using RMSSD and normalizes it to a 100-point scale for easier interpretation [49:45]; The Morpheus system: development, integration with various metrics, and personalized daily training recommendations to optimize fitness and recovery [51:30]; The benefits of morning HRV readings for assessing daily readiness compared to overnight HRV measurements [1:03:00]; Why Morpheus recommends using a chest strap rather than an arm band [1:10:00]; The impact of consistent exercise, stress, alcohol, and other lifestyle factors on HRV [1:11:15]; Optimizing zone 2 training with Morpheus [1:18:15]; Using heart rate recovery (HRR) as an indicator of athletic conditioning and the balance between aerobic and anaerobic systems [1:22:45]; The importance of tracking HRV trends over time rather than focusing on data from a given day [1:29:00]; Effect of GLP-1 agonists on heart rate and HRV [1:34:45]; Where HRV belongs in the hierarchy of health metrics [1:42:00]; Parting thoughts [1:46:30]; and More. Connect With Peter on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and YouTube

1 Jam, 51 Menit
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#304 – NEW: Introducing quarterly podcast summaries - Peter shares his biggest takeaways on muscle protein synthesis, VO2 max, toe strength, gut health, and more

#304 – NEW: Introducing quarterly podcast summaries - Peter shares his biggest takeaways on muscle protein synthesis, VO2 max, toe strength, gut health, and more

The Peter Attia Drive

View the Show Notes Page for This Episode Become a Member to Receive Exclusive Content Sign Up to Receive Peter’s Weekly Newsletter In this quarterly podcast summary (QPS) episode, Peter introduces a new format aimed at summarizing his biggest takeaways from the last three months of guest interviews on the podcast. Peter shares key insights from each episode, covering diverse topics such as protein and muscle building with Luc van Loon, toe strength with Courtney Conley, VO2 max with Olav Aleksander Bu, liquid biopsies for cancer with Alex Aravanis, gut health and probiotics with Colleen Cutcliffe, and road safety with Mark Rosekind. Additionally, Peter shares any personal behavioral adjustments or modifications to his patient care practices that have arisen from these engaging discussions. If you’re not a subscriber and are listening on a podcast player, you’ll only be able to hear a preview of the AMA. If you’re a subscriber, you can now listen to this full episode on your private RSS feed or our website at the episode #304 show notes page. If you are not a subscriber, you can learn more about the subscriber benefits here. We discuss: How Peter keeps track of his takeaways from each podcast episode [5:15]; Luc van Loon episode: fat utilization, muscle protein synthesis, dietary protein, aging and inactivity, and more [8:45]; Behavioral changes that have come about from the conversation with Luc van Loon [23:45]; Courtney Conley episode: importance of toe strength and the impact of dedicated foot training [26:45]; Olav Aleksander Bu episode: the importance of VO2 max for lifespan, and the practicalities of measuring and improving VO2 max [36:45]; Behavioral changes that have come about from the conversation with Olav [56:00]; Alex Aravanis episode: liquid biopsies for cancer detection [1:01:30]; Colleen Cutcliffe episode: the importance of gut bacteria balance, and the potential therapeutic uses of probiotics, particularly Akkermansia [1:16:45]; Mark Rosekind: the significant issue of road fatalities and injuries, their causes, and practical safety measures to reduce risks [1:27:00]; and More. Connect With Peter on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and YouTube

30 Menit
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#303 - A breakthrough in Alzheimer’s disease: the promising potential of klotho for brain health, cognitive decline, and as a therapeutic tool for Alzheimer's disease | Dena Dubal, M.D., Ph.D.

#303 - A breakthrough in Alzheimer’s disease: the promising potential of klotho for brain health, cognitive decline, and as a therapeutic tool for Alzheimer's disease | Dena Dubal, M.D., Ph.D.

The Peter Attia Drive

View the Show Notes Page for This Episode Become a Member to Receive Exclusive Content Sign Up to Receive Peter’s Weekly Newsletter Dena Dubal is a physician-scientist and professor of neurology at UCSF whose work focuses on mechanisms of longevity and brain resilience. In this episode, Dena delves into the intricacies of the longevity factor klotho: its formation and distribution in the body, the factors such as stress and exercise that impact its levels, and its profound impact on cognitive function and overall brain health. Dena shares insights from exciting research in animal models showing the potential of klotho in treating neurodegenerative diseases as well as its broader implications for organ health and disease prevention. She concludes with an optimistic outlook for future research in humans and the potential of klotho for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Disclosure: Peter is an investor in Jocasta Neuroscience, a company working to develop klotho as a therapy for people with Alzheimer’s disease. We discuss: Dena’s fascination with aging and how she came to study klotho [3:30]; Biological properties of klotho: production, regulation, decline with age, and factors influencing its levels [11:45]; Potential benefits of klotho on brain health [22:00]; The relationship between soluble klotho protein, platelet factors, and cognitive enhancement [33:45]; The role of platelet factor 4 (PF4) and it’s interaction with GluN2B in mediating cognitive enhancement [46:45]; Benefits of klotho observed in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease [55:45]; Benefits of klotho observed in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease [1:03:00]; Promising results of klotho in primate models, and the importance of finding an appropriate therapeutic dose before moving to human trials [1:08:00]; Speculating why a single klotho injection has such long-lasting effects [1:25:30]; Potential cognitive benefits of klotho in humans, the impact of the KL-VS genetic variant on klotho levels, and the need for human trials to confirm these effects [1:27:45]; The interaction between the KL-VS genetic variant and APOE4 and how it impacts risk of Alzheimer’s disease [1:34:45]; The significance of klotho levels: studies linking lower levels to increased mortality and the broader implications for organ health and disease prevention [1:47:15]; Measuring klotho levels and determining an individual’s KL-VS status [1:52:15]; The promising potential of klotho for Alzheimer’s disease treatment, and the importance of philanthropy for funding research [1:58:00]; and More. Connect With Peter on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and YouTube

2 Jam, 5 Menit
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